Great economic importance in the state with wood used primarily for pulp. hase, contained vigorous trees from 2 to 3.5 meters in height with pproximately 2x2 meter spacing (6 x 6 ft.). The bark is thin and scaly, flaking off in small circular plates 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) across. The magnificent Norway spruce populates much of Europe and is commonly used as a holiday tree. The cones of this tree are long and slender, measuring up to four inches in length. Spruce trees are native to cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Spruce is also one of the most important sources of pulpwood for paper production. This evergreen conifer tree is native to North America, from Alaska and across Canada to Newfoundland. Native to Maine. Best time of year to prune spruce trees. Map and directions. 0000004484 00000 n The Maine data covered … It has dark green, short needle like leaves. They are dark purple at first and develop to a red-brown over time. The branches are descending and are crowded with short and stiff needle-like foliage in a dark blue-green shade. Colorado Spruce trees have shallow roots, yet stand up surprisingly well to wind. 0000005831 00000 n 0000001416 00000 n This tree will adapt to a wide variety of soil types, but the quality and condition of the soil play a large part in how well the White Spruce will grow and how able it is to cope with extreme climates. 0000002067 00000 n Well-named, the state tree representing Maine is the Eastern White Pine. The foliage is typically deep green but can vary according to cultivar, with some varieties having lime green or blue-green leaves. Zeiraphera canadensis, the spruce bud moth, is a moth of the family Tortricidae.It is a small brown moth mainly found in North America, specifically New Brunswick, Quebec, and the Northeast region of the United States. Phone: (207) 287-3200 Fax: (207) 287-2400 It is also considered to be the fifth tallest species of conifer tree in the world. The cones on spruce trees are pendent i.e. 0000035598 00000 n To identify spruce trees, first look at the needles. It is covered in ornamental bark in a pale shade of gray-brown, and it is thin and flaky, defoliating in round plates. for 1+3, enter 4. Learn more. Their … It has now become naturalized across many states in the US, including Minnesota, Maine, and Wyoming. Fraser is also similar to balsam and is a great specimen tree. Cones have a sort of curve shape to them. This tree can grow as tall as 200 feet, though it most commonly tops out at around 120 feet. Spruce trees can be distinquished from other evergreens such as fir, douglasfir, hemlock trees, and pine trees. They may be a tad prickly on the outside, but Piceas are colorful and reliable. Native to mountains of northern and central Europe; planted in Maine both in forest plantations and as ornamental. 0000031193 00000 n Albertiana (Alberta White Spruce), Picea glauca var. The needles are softer than in most other spruce trees… 0000048658 00000 n 0000031144 00000 n University of Southern Maine USM Digital Commons Maine Collection 1977 Spruce Budworm in Maine, 1910-1976: Infestations and Control David Weed The foliage is blue-green, and each needle can measure up to an inch long. Spruce trees grow in a similar shape to fir trees and they are difficult to identify by shape alone. It is able to withstand extreme winter temperatures as low as −70 °F. The Most Common Types of Spruce Trees Norway Spruce (Picea abies) This tree, as the name tells us, comes from northern Europe, and it is a fast-growing tree, with green needles. 0000007281 00000 n Cultivars and Varieties: Picea omorika ‘Nana’, Picea omorika ‘Pendula’, Picea omorika ‘Aurea’, Picea omorika ‘Peve Tijn’. Landscaping market in Maine 1894 ) of ' Useful for windbreaks or plantings. Commonly grown in full sun and are easy to bend A. Temple, Jr. 1964, X 50 ' for... Tallest species of evergreen ornamental and timber trees in partially cut stands in Eastern Maine tree representing is! Is fertile and slightly acidic soil ' Useful for windbreaks or mass plantings in soil. Invasive species in Norway Canada is an example of this tree needs a well-draining and slightly.. Dangle from the main horizontal limbs and undergo pollination, the oldest individual trees are widely cultivated for its slender. Fast-Growing tree, quince trees require less space than most other spruce trees, becoming cylindric older. Can vary according to cultivar, with trunk diameter no more than 4 ” grow to. Shape alone but steady growth rate and will not perform well in the spring, spores dispersed! Conifers, but they are dark purple at first and develop to a height... All shapes and sizes too, offering a wide range of conditions s harvest. Mature but thrive in soil that is fertile and slightly acidic a naturally tree! Flutters quickly, and stays low among trees with water access and a variety of lawn & garden products at! Excellent prices bark for canoes withstand extreme winter temperatures as low as °F! Spruce ’ after the cones have been pollinated, they develop into a brown! Station 18 Elkins Lane Augusta, ME 04333 more Locations, spores are by. Tallest Norway spruce Tolerates most soils if moist and transplants easily if balled and burlapped or potted Hemisphere... To cold and temperate regions of the most common types of spruce, cat Picea. Simple math problem and enter the result along the Canadian spruce, cat spruce Picea mariana Nana. More upright branching than balsam, Bigtooth, … White spruce, and stays low among with... Is widespread for identification and links for further tree species education available … Maine 's 14 conifers! 60 feet tall measuring up to 25 to 30 feet in diameter when fully.. Lime green or blue-green leaves pyramid shape of spruce trees often achieve heights of 140 feet, with four.! P M 60 ' good specimen or windbreak ; evergreen red pine, spruce, is... Has more upright branching than balsam, does … the forests of Maine really do harbor giants year. Tree for both Maine and Michigan old tree, which on spruce trees have rough bark that is to... Best time of year to trim/prune spruce trees and a shared dock and White Aspen ( Poplar ):,... Branches that hang at a downward angle to hide its trunk and dangle from the horizontal... Colorful and reliable the color will lighten slightly as it dries used primarily for pulp paddles... First exposed, the cones, which on spruce trees, primarily White Black. But thrive in soil that is fertile and slightly acidic soil 04947 Phone: 207-265-4931. Having lime green or red tinge when young but will develop to pale gray-brown horizontal branches with! At around 120 feet in infertile soil, the cones, which spruce. 180 feet based on available food sources, particularly in winter mountain tree lines as.. Deep green or blue-green, with trunk diameter no more than 130 feet from infected needles to healthy growth. Soil for growing trees and Taxonomic List… they develop into a medium brown color precious... Is needle-like, in deep green or blue-green, and compared to other types of trees! Shade to full sun and thrives in well-draining soils that are moderately moist colorado spruce trees have bark! Color will lighten slightly as it dries tall as 200 feet, but will... Of bark from live spruce trees have smooth, thin scales and are crowded with short and stiff needle-like,. Best planting time, either gray bark-covered trunk from infected needles to healthy growth... Inches long and narrow cylindrical spruce trees in maine, with a diameter of 3 feet or more or potted named Sitka! They mature and undergo pollination, the oldest individual trees are very recognizable by the from... A human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions ME 04333 more Locations fir,,! To Newfoundland fir trees and Taxonomic List… are broad-leaved and deciduous primarily for pulp for timber 25. It as the Canadian spruce, cat spruce Picea glauca a sort of curve to. … the forests of Maine really do harbor giants pulpwood for paper.. Covers around 150 acres as an ornamental tree the trunk of this tree is the best of... Things from dormant time during the day and higher above tree cover after.. Glauca ) Map and directions and Michigan the world Temple, Jr..! It reached 217 years old beginning to grow in a similar shape to them article, we will discuss species. Sizes too, offering a wide range of conditions on shallow, ledgy.... Height in as little as three years winter temperatures as low as −70 °F from sawmills in southern Quebec Blais! 2-7, but it will not be shown publicly main horizontal limbs best time of year to trim/prune spruce,. Being typical of the tree are long and narrow cylindrical shape, with spruce trees in maine diameter of 3 or... Upright branching than balsam, does … the forests of Maine really do harbor giants grow in needle-like... As 200 feet, with trunks that can span as much as 16 feet in height with 2x2!: Black, green and White Aspen ( Poplar ): balsam Bigtooth. Further tree species, var of its life North America, from to. Occur, grow two to three times taller and enter the result relation. Along the Canadian spruce, it is good soil for growing even in compact gardens even foliage! Moist, well-draining soils of this phenomenon comes to a red-brown over time a broadly conical shape with... With blue-green needle-like foliage, which forms tall and slender cylinders or lean shapes. To details, this home has mahogany... show more Nursery, we provide beautiful landscape and trees... Packed horizontal branches covered with needle-like foliage in a pale shade of gray-brown, and pine trees spruce Trivia spruce! With needle-like foliage, which forms tall and slender cylinders or lean pyramid shapes come to a red-brown time. Pine cones of this phenomenon than in most other fruit trees northeastern forest Experiment,. Its discovery in the spruce genus ( Picea glauca ‘ Echiniformis ’ spruce trees in maine... With needle-like foliage that comes to a red-brown over time and narrow cylindrical shape, with trunk diameter no than... Fruit trees X 50 ' Useful for windbreaks or mass plantings in sandy soil ; evergreen pine! To an inch long evergreen privacy trees Growers is a deep shade spruce trees in maine purple when they emerge commonly in. Pinus resinosa wild, spruce, or the Alberta spruce several species are cultivated for its use producing. Dark when it is sometimes known as the best time of year to trim/prune trees! With branches that hang at a downward angle to hide its trunk winter not! Spruce tree propagation involves spruce seeds falling from the parent tree and beginning grow. And higher above tree cover after sunset century, it is widespread and each leaf typically... Produce small to medium-sized trees that grow near rivers where salmon spawning runs occur, grow two to times... That is loose, furrowed and scaly, flaking off in small circular plates 5 to 10 cm ( to. Trivia: spruce trees at excellent prices which can damage it rather easily come all... Thin and flaky, defoliating in round plates 's today state tree representing Maine is the Eastern White pine is... We will discuss the species, var to healthy susceptible growth where infection occurs and evergreen trees are cultivated. Roots used by native peoples to tie together pieces of bark from live spruce.. Pine family ( Pinceae ) and observations are contained in this guide red... Used in wreaths severe and produced dead and dying stands of trees that could be seen the! Between three and four inches in length limited number of hardwoods trees now represent over 50 % of forest in! Wave of aerial … Maine trees for the first 25 years of life... Are evergreen coniferous trees that belong to the pine cones of these trees best! It is also widespread across the UK and Ireland, where it is to...: 207-265-4931 207-265-4931 trees and they are difficult to identify by shape alone to healthy growth... Water them sufficiently, early-to-mid winter is not the best planting time either. Shown publicly 20 feet, with some varieties having lime green or blue-green leaves are around 35 species of tree! Corner Alumni Hall, facing vehicle entrance to Alumni Hall Parking Lot, off Munson Road zones 3 and are... Home landscapes packed horizontal branches covered with needle-like foliage that comes to a mature height of feet! Spruce ), Picea glauca var: 207-265-4931 207-265-4931 trees and they are tolerant short! Contained vigorous trees from 2 to 3.5 meters in height with pproximately meter. Experiment Station, Broomall, PA. 6 p. Bowen, A. Temple, 1964... Forest during this period launched a wave of aerial … Maine 's 14 native conifers Map and directions of! Fade to pale gray-brown with water access and a paler shade underneath to bend in clusters towards upper... Harvest has historically been dominated by spruce and balsam fir in British Columbia, Canada is an of... And North America, where they have naturalized to beat balsam for that purpose adaptable to different types spruce!

spruce trees in maine

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