I have adored and been fascinated with these beautiful and ethereal insects as a child and their magic never fades. shade temperature daily, on the 12th reaching 84 degrees Fahr. This … A freshly-emerged Scotch Argus is a sight to behold, the dark brown velvety uppersides making the butterfly appear almost jet black from a distance. They feed only at night, resting low down among the grass stems by day, and are very sluggish in movement." In northern England it is now restricted to two sites that contain a mosaic of sheltered limestone grassland, scrub, and woodland. 45051-00022-775 FLPA Images . of same colour; spiracles brown. Lateral view: Head and thorax rounded; the meta-thorax is on a plane with abdomen, which has a slight depression between third and fourth segments; remaining segments abruptly tapering; cremaster decurved; wings ample, reaching to fifth segment, and swollen at the middle. Scotch Argus Butterfly: Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. At first the colour is a very pale fleshy-ochreous and semi-transparent, the abdomen rather deeper ochreous than the wings and thorax; as it matures the colouring deepens and becomes more opaque, with a greyish hue over the median wing area and a few dark leaden underlying specks; margin of wing yellow-ochreous; abdomen amber-ochreous. wingspan of 42mm - 46mm. More closely related to ringlets and browns than Arguses and Blues, the Scotch Argus wingspan measures 25mm. Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis Eaten by. long while resting. This species was first defined in Esper (1777) as shown here and as shown in this plate (type locality: Southern Germany). A dark brown butterfly with a row of black-centred orange eyespots on wings. Other butterflies that can be found at Smardale Nature Reserve include dark green fritillary, common … Butterflies emerge at the end of July, peaking in early August, with a few individuals surviving into September. On the seventh day the ground colour is ochreous with a slight greenish tinge, and the spots dark purple. Insect: Lifespan. Argus butterfly (Scotch) [photo by David Boniface] Back; SCD Quarterly reports ; Meet the Board; Frequently Asked Questions; Membership Forms It is relatively common and widespread. Aberrations. Les meilleures offres pour Scotch Argus Papillons Erebia Aethiops Ensemble x1 Mâle Britannique #j01 sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! 3. When ready for pupation the larva forms a slight hollow on the surface of the ground at the base of the grass, and spins a loose open network cocoon over itself and settles in a more or less upright position, head uppermost, and finally pupates. When five days old the spots are clearly defined. distinctive reddish eyespots on the forewing. Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops . Photo about Scotch argus Butterfly animal insect Brown beige orange green grass Meadow. A freshly emerged Scotch Argus is a sight to behold; the dark brown velvety upper sides making the butterfly appear almost jet black from a distance. The map below shows the distribution of the Scotch Argus. All Genders Female Male All Attributes ab. The pupa is formed in a loose cocoon, typically in mosses or some other soft material. Click on any of the images to view a larger image and comparison specimen. Photo about scoth argus Butterfly Brown orange animal insect red black White burnet moths. and Wild Marjoram (Origanum vulgare). Registered Office: Manor Yard, East Lulworth, Wareham, Dorset, BH20 5QP "The pupa measures 12.7 mm. The males have two white eyespots on each of their open brown fore wings. The butterfly is found only in tall grasslands that are lightly grazed or ungrazed. Distribution Map for: Scotch Argus. Click here to see the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid. The Scotch Argus can be seen on Scottish moors and glens, preferring grass lands. Males adopt both perching and patrolling strategies when in search of a mate. fly from June to early September. The spherical eggs are yellow when first laid, but turn light brown after a few days. The adults are often the first butterflies of the day to be seen at suitable sites, their dark brown wings presumably allowing them to warm up more quickly than other species. A medio-dorsal and a pair of finer sub-dorsal stripes of darker amber-brown, also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour; spiracles brown. There is one generation each year. The only two sites that hold this butterfly are Smardale Gill Nature Reserve near Kirkby Stephen SD729072 and Arnside Knott SD455775. SCOTCH ARGUS BUTTERFLY Original 1927 Vintage Card . On 25th August last year, I was walking through our wood at our house in the Scottish Borders, when I noticed a small, dark butterfly in the grass next to me. £1.95. It is rather stout in proportion, being thickest at the fifth and sixth segments and tapering at each end; the anal segment terminates in a pair of points; the ventral surface is flattened, with a rather dilated lateral ridge; the segments have five sub-divisions, each encircled with white warts, bearing serrated, slightly curved spines, which are whitish over the basal half and the apical half brown and with cleft tips. Tel: 01929 400 209Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgCharity registered: England & Wales (254937). The first, which pupated June 23rd, emerged July 9th, 1911, remaining sixteen days in the pupal state, followed by others daily for the following five days, their emergence being hurried by the continuance of exceptionally warm weather: over 80 degrees Fahr. The extent and depth of the markings vary a good deal. typical verso. Then follows a broad super-spiracular band, on which are situated the warts, followed by a fainter spiracular line, enclosing the black spiracles; all these run the entire length, excepting the anal segment, which is uniformly whitish; the whole of the ventral surface, including the legs and claspers, is pearly-whitish; the entire surface is granular. The first one pupated June 23rd, 1911." The Scotch Argus has a very late emergence, it can be seen from the last week of July throughout August. BEHAVIOUR & HABITAT The largest colonies are found in sunny, sheltered and damp habitats, for example tussocky, lightly-grazed grassland with scattered scrub, or … The butterfly is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed. The Scotch Argus (Erebia aethiops) is a Palaearctic butterfly of the Nymphalidae family.It has a wide range including the French Alps, Germany, Balkans, Apennines, Asia Minor, the Urals, Caucasus and Sajan. The following links provide additional information on this butterfly. The nominate subspecies is found in England and the north-east of Scotland. Dorsal view: Head bluntly formed, slightly concave behind eyes, giving a slight angle at the base of the wings; very little sunken across the middle, swelling at the third and fourth abdominal segments, then tapering abruptly to the anal segment, which terminates in a broad, truncated cremaster. Its wingspan reaches a maximum of 5.2 centimetres. Scotch Argus, Erebia aethiops. Essentially a Scottish species. Each blotch is composed of a number of minute speckles and streaks of purple-red, others deeper purple; some have the blotches more suffused, giving the egg a purplish appearance, and some specimens have the blotches a deep leaden-purplish. During their last stage the larva shun daylight by hiding at the base of the grass stems as low down as possible, where they rest all day and at sunset they commence to crawl up the stems to feed during the night. When egg-laying, the female selects sites that are in full sunshine and that are sheltered. In Scotland the larval food plant is Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea). Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. According to Dennis (1977) "This colony which used to occupy parts of Grass Wood was last observed by Clutten in 1923. Colonies are much more numerous in Scotland, where this butterfly can be found in most of northern, western and south-west Scotland. P&P: + £10.00 P&P . I will definitely return to this site next year to look for these butterflies. "Eggs laid August 10th, 1890, hatched on August 28th, remaining in the egg state eighteen days. If the species distribution is shown, the National Grid and the Irish National Grid each consist of a number of 100 x 100 kilometre grid squares and the distribution is shown at a resolution of 10km. Eggs laid August 11th, 1895, hatched on August 25th, being fourteen days in the egg state. They emerge in the spring and mature larvae feed only at night, resting in ground debris during the day. Larvae hibernate while in the 1st or 2nd instar in leaf litter at the base of the foodplant. "Directly after emergence the larva measures 2.5 mm. 2. The Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. This subspecies was first defined in Verity (1911a) as shown here and as shown in this plate (type locality: Galashiels, Scotland). Scotland (SC039268), Website design & development by Headscape, Double your donation for one week only in the Big Give, Wing Span Range (male to female): 35-40mm. The Scotch Argus occurs in damp, acid or neutral grassland up to 500 m in montane regions of Scotland, and around the fringes of sheltered bogs, in woodland clearings, and young plantations. - Frohawk (1924), "The third moult occurred on May 15th, 1911. All rights are reserved.Team Member Login, European Butterflies by Christopher Jonko, Learn About Butterflies by Adrian Hoskins, Lepidoptera and their ecology by Wolfgang Wagner, Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. The Scotch Argus occurs in scattered colonies across Scotland and northern England. Before second moult it measures 8.5 mm. The … In other respects it resembles the previous stage. See Table below. The egg is large in proportion to the butterfly, being 1.3 mm. Scotch Argus (Browns Butterfly Family) Zoological Name. Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. ), Devil's-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis), Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis), hawkweeds (Hieracium spp. Cock's-foot (Dactylis glomerata), Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), Common Couch (Elytrigia repens), Glaucous Sedge (Carex flacca), Sweet Vernal-grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), Tufted Hair-grass (Deschampsia cespitosa) and Wavy Hair-grass (Deschampsia flexuosa) are also used. The butterfly is found only in tall grasslands that are lightly grazed or ungrazed. typical recto . The chief difference is, the hairs of tithonus are wholly whitish, with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with greenish-yellow; the lateral stripe is whiter and more sharply defined and bordered above by a deep claret-brown line. - Frohawk (1924). 45051-00021-826 FLPA Images. When emerging from the egg, the larva nibbles around the top of the egg, but leaves a hinge, essentially creating a lid that it then opens. The main foodplant in Scotland is thought to be Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) and the populations in northern England use Blue Moor-grass (Sesleria caerulea). Before emergence the eyes darken and the wings turn an opaque cream colour; then the sub-marginal wing spots appear and the whole pupa gradually darkens until it finally assumes a deep bluish-black; the sub-marginal wing spots then show indistinctly dull reddish. This stage lasts between 2 and 3 weeks. They are in the form of blotches, distributed fairly evenly over the egg. They feed during day, especially in the early morning. It occurs mainly in eastern Europe with scattered colonies in other places. The females are far less conspicuous and spend most of their time basking. The head is roughly granular, of a pale ochreous-buff covered with similar hairs. What is a Scotch Argus? The butterfly is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed. Scotch Argus Butterfly. ), ragworts (Jacobaea spp. - Frohawk (1924). It also occurs in central Europe. I enjoy the fine detail of the insect and Hopefully, it will be a sunny day and I will have more time to spend watching them. Caterpillar (Larva) Stage: Colour . When ten days old the blotches become fainter, and the ground colour assumes a lilac-grey hue, finally the blotches gradually disappear and the markings of the larva become visible through the shell; these gradually increase in depth, and on about the twelfth day the larva is most clearly seen coiled up within, always in the same attitude, with its head fitting the crown of the egg and body obliquely coiled round, exposing its dorsal surface to view. Erebia aethiops. The ground colour is a very pale pearly-ochreous, striped longitudinally with rust colour; the most distinct stripe is medio-dorsal. The reddish yellow band is narrower and never contains more than three small eye spots. On March 22nd, 1911, a few became slightly active, and ninety-four had survived the winter; these were on the plants that had only occasionally received water by pouring it into the saucers in which the pots stood, and not by watering either plants or earth from the top; in this way the plants obtained just enough moisture by drawing up the water by the roots; by this means the grass itself kept dry, which appears necessary for the larva, as confined damp appears fatal to them in captivity when kept under any covering. Before first moult it measures 5 mm. The bases of the longest spines are rather swollen and form modified points, represented in other Satyridae larva. They remain motionless throughout the winter months, not feeding at all, as many of the Satyridae do, therefore they undergo complete hibernation. This subspecies is found in western and south-west Scotland although its distribution with regard to the nominate subspecies is by no means clear cut. Any UK BAP status is taken from the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) (2007 review). The resemblance between the larva of Epinephele tithonus and E. blandina in their last stage is remarkable, and they might readily be mistaken one for the other. The orange markings on the upperside of the males were nearly obsolete; and this feature in the females was scarcely better developed than in ordinary males". In spite of its English name argus, it is not a close relation of the brown argus nor the northern brown argus. 4. - Nature Picture Library scotch argus butterfly Last weekend and the days before, the fellas and I had searched in vain. They rest low down on the pale ochreous grass stems and withered blades of the same colour, which very closely resemble the larva, rendering them very inconspicuous. Scotch Argus Butterfly basking on leaf Turkey Ardea Wildlife Pets Environment. Despite experiencing a long-term decline in its distribution, this butterfly has increased at monitored sites and is not, therefore, currently a priority species for conservation efforts. Company limited by guarantee, registered in England (2206468). The Scotch Argus is the last butterfly of the season to emerge, a few weeks after two related butterflies, the Ringlet and Meadow Brown. Bogs, woodland edges and riverbanks where the foodplant grows are typical habitats. Others that hatched August 22nd, 1895, moulted first time September 14th, remaining twenty-three days in the first stage. As its name suggests, this butterfly is found predominantly in Scotland where it flies in tall, damp grassland. Found on mountain grassland in the Scottish Highlands and the English Lake District. In Britain it occurs in certain coastal areas of eastern Scotland such as Fowlsheugh. Non-native tree species, planted in the woodland in the past, are gradually being removed. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Insect: Wingspan . Several moulted the first time as late as the first half of April, while others that hibernated in the second stage moulted the second time during the latter half of that month. Birds, mites, true bugs and ichneumon flies. The bands on the underside of the hindwings are frequently indistinct. long. - Frohawk (1924), "After the first moult the head and body are densely clothed with short claw-like spines, each mounted on a conical base. Egg Stage: Colour . No need to register, buy now! The Scotch Argus is common and widespread in Scotland but has declined in the southern part of its range, especially in England where it is reduced to just two isolated sites. Males will fly for long periods when patrolling, searching out any dark brown object that is a potential mate. They reappear as rapidly when the sun comes out again and it is fascinating to watch an apparently-barren grassland come to life with butterflies as the clouds move away. It flies only when the sun shines in late summer. Smardale Gill is one of only two sites in England where the Scotch argus butterfly can be seen. in length, the ground colour varies from pale creamy-ochreous to pale ochreous-greenish." typical verso. The eggshell is then partly eaten. Find the perfect northern brown argus butterfly stock photo. Though there are few observations from Britain, other grasses may be used, as they are in continental Europe. Scotch Argus. Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) Auscape Photo Library. Antique illustration of The Scotch Argus , a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family The scotch argus butterfly (Erebia aethiops), despite its name, is not particularly common in Scotland, although it is found there. Most colonies are found in sheltered and damp areas. Adults feed primarily on brambles (Rubus spp. Description. In poorer weather they perch on grass clumps, only flying up to investigate any other passing brown butterflies. Scotch Argus Butterfly: Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. in length. Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) Auscape Photo Library. Like other butterflies of unimproved grassland such as the Pearl-bordered, Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary and the Chequered Skipper, the Scotch Argus is most abundant on sunny slopes where birch … The Scotch Argus is often known as the Scottish butterfly. at 8 p.m." - Frohawk (1924). The primary larval foodplants are Blue Moor-grass (Sesleria caerulea), Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) and Sheep's-fescue (Festuca ovina). Scotland although its distribution with regard to the next butterfly: Small Blue images view. 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