It is also easy to glue and takes stain very well. 13-1575 Upper Ottawa St, ON, L8W 3E2 Its growth rings are barely visible, but light brown streaks are common along the grain. Maple is less porous than oak, which makes it slightly more susceptible to dents and scratches. Pros and Cons: White maple is a species of maple native to Eastern North America and is one of the most common trees in the United States. Physical Characteristics: Soft maple is more likely than hard maple to be peppered with “pith flecks,” which are dark, irregular streaks or spots that usually result from insect attack on the growing tree. White Oak hardwood flooring has underlying hues that are golden brown to slightly gray. Maple and oak are two different types of trees. Maple hardwood. The strength and consistency of oak measures up well against maple hardwood … A few of the most common of the “soft maple” species are: The above types of maple vary in strength, hardness, and weight, but all are softer than hard maple. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. However, you must remember that there are several grades available and each grade may have different imperfections. Although hard maple is very stable compared to other species, some consumers believe that it is more likely than hardwood oak … Red oak, which is the most common cabinet wood, has a Janka rating of 1290. Bigleaf maple is moderately hard. High-quality solid oak … It is easy to glue and takes stains and finishes well. Here are the hardness ratings of oak and maple according to the Janka hardness test – Red Oak – 1290 lb f (Pound-force) White Oak – 1360 lb f. Hard Maple – 1450 lb f. Soft Maple – 950 lb f. The higher the number, the harder the wood. The specific gravities of sugar maple and black maple are 0.63 and 0.57 respectively. Physical Characteristics: White oak is darker than red oak. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) … Quarter Sawn Maple: 1450. Physical Characteristics: The light, natural finish makes hard maple a leading choice for contemporary spaces when it comes to furniture and hardwood flooring. Acacia 1,750 lbs ; Amendoim/Ybarro 1,658 lbs ; Andiroba 1,220 lbs ; Angelim Pedra 1,720 lbs ; Ash 1,200 lbs ; Australian Cypress 1,375 lbs ; Bacana Cayenne 1,420 lbs Maple is a white hardwood and is considered to have a very tight and even grain. on oak makes it more desirable than maple. Maple. They are commonly compared by homeowners when choosing hardwood components for their household whether its for cabinets, flooring, stairs or hardwood details crown moulding, baseboard and door casing. It also has an appealing scent. Deciding on Oak gets more complicated as you can choose from Red Oak or White Oak and the different options within them based on where the tree is grown. Red oak is most commonly a reddish-brown color and is lighter than white oak. 905-393-5352, Kitchener The grain is very fine and uniform in appearance. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. Besides hardness, it also displays the least amount of expansion and contraction with changes in temperature and moisture levels. Maple and oak are two of the most popular types of wood we offer at Cherokee Wood Products. Hard maple, red and white oak are very hard and soft maple is medium hard … Brown maple comes from the center of various maple trees. Both are types of hardwoods. Cabinetry, outdoor furniture, indoor furniture, moulding/trim, flooring, boatbuilding, support beams, wine barrels, veneer, paneling, plywood, fence posts, and shingles. Its main advantage is that it can be stained to look much like cherry wood. Oak has long been an extremely popular choice for wood flooring, particularly in traditional-style homes. Both oak and maple are resistant to dents and scratches. Because of its consistency, maple also does not absorb stain as well as oak. Even within Maple you have multiple species that you can choose from that are distinctively different from each other Hard Maple and Soft Maple both of which are hardwood lumber. Its main advantage is that it can be stained to look much like cherry wood. The species Quercus alba is commonly considered the red oak species, but the characteristics of that species are shown in many types of wood that are generally referred to as red oak woods. Maple is slightly harder than oak is (1450 on Janka hardness scale vs. Red Oak at 1290) and it is lighter in color than oak. Red Oak – This tree is often found in the Northeastern part of the United States and across the border into Canada. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Compare Oak vs Maple Hardwood Flooring Oak Overview. Maple is the queen of the hardwoods for density. It can be used for a variety of projects since it boasts the trifecta of strength, beauty, and cost-effectiveness. Oak can display rings, strips, flecks, wavy figures, or other complex patterns, which is a desirable trait that maple wood does not possess. Lumber types are often classified as hard or soft. Oak flooring is also strong and durable; it can last for generations. Maple flooring has a Jenka hardness ranking of 1450 which is a good bit harder than oak flooring, the industry standard for hardwood. Its subtle grain pattern works well in large or small spaces and complements modern decor well. This characteristic is a distinction derived from the foliage of the originating tree. Hard Maple: 1450. Soft maple is known as an odorless, fine textured wood. Although hard maple is very stable compared to other species, some consumers believe that it is more likely than hardwood oak to twist and warp. White maple is best for indoor projects, since it has no resistance to decay and since it is not considered to be as durable as other types of wood. Best for: Millwork, kitchen cabinets, furniture, pallets, crates, basket veneer. Which Type Of Flooring Should I Get For My House. For most hardwood lovers, oak and maple are the top picks when it comes to hardwood flooring. It also has an appealing scent. Maple … Black walnut ranks third in hardness - about 20% below red oak. Now it may look like hard maple is heads and tails above the rest (and to a certain extent, it is), but for reference, black cherry has a janka hardness of 950 lb f (the same as red maple), and black walnut is rated at 1,010 lb f.Also note that black maple (not pictured), isn’t quite as hard as its close relative, hard maple, and ranks in the mid-range, with a hardness … For more information, please call us at (909) 920-5430 or fill out our, What to Look for When Buying Hardwood Floors, Types of Woods for Indoor and Outdoor Projects. Are You searching Hardwood flooring and Laminate Flooring in Brampton ? Its growth rings are barely visible, but light brown streaks are common along the grain. It is also known as Rock Maple or Sugar Maple and is most common in the Eastern United States. Red oak has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain. It has medium to heavy graining with some color variation. 82% harder than red oak: Oak: The standard or basic floor material for years: Grade and grain pattern can be manipulated to be formal or casual: Red oak is slightly pink; white oak is beige/tan: Accepts stain very well; color possibilities are almost endless: Oak is typically used as the benchmark for hardness… Birch (Sweet) 1470. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, … Like red oak, white oak is easy to work with and responds well to steam bending. Red oak is easy to work with and responds well to steam bending. Maple has the likeness of cherry, is about as hard … Madrone Burl: 1460. It ranks 8 on the scale, but it can also vary depending on where it grows. 519-465-3000, Key Differences Between Oak and Maple Hardwood Flooring, http://hgdesigncentre.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/hardwood-design-centre-logo.jpg, 6 Questions to Ask before Choosing Maple Hardwood Flooring for Your Home, How to Get a Better Finish on Your Walnut Flooring, Best Hardwood flooring Store in Kitchener, Hardwood flooring in Hamilton with best prices. It has a warm, rich tone and a distinctive grain pattern. We can help you find the wood pattern, texture, durability, and strength that will meet your functional and aesthetic needs. Maple hardwood generally comes from Canada and the northern US. Part of the Workshop Companion, a collection of information on wood, woodwork, woodworking skills, woodworking materials, and … Soft maple is more likely than hard maple to be peppered with “pith flecks,” which are dark, irregular streaks or spots that usually result from insect attack on the growing tree. Rift Sawn Hard Maple: 1450. Curly Maple (Hard Maple) 1450. White maple is a species of maple native to Eastern North America and is one of the most common trees in the United States. Also, oak having a slightly porous property holds stain well. Red oak is easy to work with and responds well to steam bending. They can top 100 feet in height and clock in at 1,220 on the Janka hardness … 842 Victoria Street North, Unit 2A, ON, N2B 3C1 The terms are also used to indicate wood obtained from their respective trees. Hard maple is classified under the species Acer saccharum. In this guide, we’ll help you explore the key elements where oak and maple differ. Cherry wood has been a traditional favorite for formal dining room furniture. Maple, on the other hand, does not have a history of being a top choice in furniture woods like oak does. Red oak has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain. With a rating of 1290 on the Janka Hardness Scale, Red Oak garners a QW hardness score of 9 out of 10.Oak … it also depends on the colour of the wood, some are like white pine or some maple… Whether you want to go for oak or maple hardwood for your home, it depends on your stylistic preference and aesthetic choice. Brazilian Oak: 1460. Its growth rings are distinct. Vinyl Flooring – All You Need To Know Before Buying. It is rated medium to below average in terms of workability, so it is not the best choice for steam bending, or projects that involve a lot of shaping and boring. Maple Hardness and Durability. Maple vs. Oak, Cherry, and Birch Cabinets. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Best for: Floors, cabinetry, furniture, custom woodwork, moulding/trim, butcher blocks, baseball bats, bowling lanes, vise jaws, clamp locks. Hardwood or Softwood: What’s the Difference? Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Maple and Oak Lumber do have some similarities like weight & durability although are very different in grain patterns and coloring. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. UNFINISHED SOLID HARDWOOD FLOORING & ENGINEERED HARDWOOD FLOORING. Overall, white oak is the best choice for projects that call for water-resistant, decay resistant wood. Maple has lighter graining for a smoother and sleeker look. When making your choice for hardwood flooring, construction materials, or any woodworking project, come to Cherokee Wood Products for some samples and expert advice. Cabinetry, indoor furniture, interior trim, flooring, support beams, and veneer. Oak wins over maple when you want a dark or dramatic, but for neutral tones or to lighten up a space, oak is less popular. Its growth rings are distinct. Pros and Cons: Hard maple is known to be both durable and strong. By Henry Parker ... Its hardness and strength help it resist rot and warping in humid environments, as well as stave off scratches and dings. Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. The truth is they aren’t very comparable, choosing among hard maple, soft maple, red oak, or white oak depends on your aesthetic desires as well as how you would like to use the wood. Janka ratings for maple range from 700 for silver maple to 1,180 for black maple. A common use of Janka hardness … White oak is darker than red oak. It has medium-to-large pores and a coarse and porous grain. This means it can have a beautiful finish with both light and dark stains. Although there are some similarities between the two, there’s much discussion about which one is superior to the other. It has medium-to-large pores and a coarse and porous grain. It has a distinct scent, which most find desirable. Cherry. Which solid wood type is best for a specific project depends on budget, if the … At the low end of common cabinet woods, Eastern white pine is rated at 380 (for comparison, balsa wood is … The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. It is usually a medium brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. 905-671-1652, Hamilton In a nutshell, oak is more expensive, offers more choices in grain patterns and is very durable. Both are popular and durable, available in solid and engineered forms and many different types of finishes. Brampton It can be used for a variety of projects since it boasts the trifecta of strength, beauty, and cost-effectiveness. Among all the above-mentioned types, white oak is the most stable material. It has a distinct scent, which most find desirable. The best wood for cabinetry is widely considered either red oak, poplar, maple, mahogany, or plywood.. White Oak is known specifically as Quercus alba, but several woods that are referred to as white oak contain the characteristics of white oak. It is rated medium to below average in terms of workability, so it is not the best choice for steam bending, or projects that involve a lot of shaping and boring. Pros and Cons: Oak vs. F. 909.920.59501390 E. Arrow HwyUpland, CA 91786, Scroll Saw Wood and Thin Wood Boards for Crafts. Like hard maple, it can develop an aesthetically pleasing curl. A chart of the mechanical properties of Noth American hardwoods. It is usually a medium brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. The wood of soft maple is not as heavy or as strong as that of hard maple. However, while one type may seem better than the other for several reasons, what matters most is good quality! When compared to white oak, red oak is not quite as resistant to decay, but both woods are considered to be very strong and resistant to dents and scratches. Birdseye and hard-rock maple can reach a 9 on the scale. Spalted Maple: 1450. The rich, warm tones with unique graining patterns add a prominent charm and character to your space, making oak a timeless flooring option. Comparing Hardwoods: White Oak vs Hickory vs Maple By Allie Finkell July 8, 2018. Soft maple is known as an odorless, fine textured wood. Best for: Cabinetry, outdoor furniture, indoor furniture, moulding/trim, flooring, boatbuilding, support beams, wine barrels, veneer, paneling, plywood, fence posts, and shingles. Oak and maple are two of the most popular choices, but which is best for your home?Oak is considered superior to maple for flooring. Shopping for hardwood flooring or furniture? The hard … Pros and Cons: Because of its ability to resist decay, white oak is often used in boatbuilding and for outdoor projects, such as decks. Maple Hardwood Flooring Posted on September 21, 2017 April 27, 2018 Harman Flooring Posted in Comparison Out of all the flooring options available, oak and maple … Because of its ability to resist decay, white oak is often used in boatbuilding and for outdoor projects, such as decks. Whether…, When deciding on what type of wood to use for a customized project, many want…, P. 909.920.5430 You can stain to any color you would like, but there are some types that the lighter the stain, the better they look like mahogany, cedar, red oak, ash, teak, cherry, walnut, rosewood, etc etc. Pros and Cons: Hard maple is known to be both durable and strong. Hard Maple Burl: 1450. Every species that is considered a red oak or a white oak has a distinct grain and texture. There are few other woods available that match hickory’s strength and durability which ranks highest on the janka hardness … Three essential factors make oak and maple stand apart from each other –appearance, durability, and pricing. As you can see in the accompanying graph, rock maple is the hardest of these four hardwoods - about 15% harder than red oak, which ranks second. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … Best for: Cabinetry, indoor furniture, interior trim, flooring, support beams, and veneer. Timeless appeal – Don’t let those cheaply made honey oak cabinets from the 1990s put you off. Hard maple, red and white oak are very hard and soft maple is medium hard in terms of resistance to tear and wear. Its longevity also depends on the condition of the wood and the way it is installed. Maple is lighter, more affordable, and works well in contemporary spaces and for indoor projects. Unlike hard maple, which refers to one particular species (Acer saccharum), soft maple refers to several different species of maple. The following types have all the main characteristics of red oak: Pros and Cons: When compared to white oak, red oak is not quite as resistant to decay, but both woods are considered to be very strong and resistant to dents and scratches. Red oak is most commonly a reddish-brown color and is lighter than white oak. It’s also resistant to fungi and bugs. Like hard maple, it can develop an aesthetically pleasing curl. It is also easy to glue and takes stain very well. This means that maple flooring is quite hard… Curupixa: ... White Oak … Rosy undertones differentiate it from White Oak, Maple and Hickory. 8005 Dixie Rd, ON, L6T 3V1 Maple is less expensive, durable, doesn’t offer many choices in grain patterns and can stain unevenly. We can help you find the wood pattern, texture, durability, and strength that will meet your functional and aesthetic needs. HARDWOOD FLOORING OPTIONS It is fairly easy to get lost in the forest of hardwood…, When it comes to wood, there are many appealing options from which to choose. Hardness is reported according to the Janka Hardness Scale, which measures the amount of pressure required to mar a wood sample. These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test. When making your choice for hardwood flooring, construction materials, or any woodworking project, come to Cherokee Wood Products for some samples and expert advice. Oak can display rings, strips, flecks, wavy figures, or other complex patterns, which is a desirable trait that maple wood does not possess. There are two basic types of oak flooring: red oak … These include the following: Eastern and Midwestern US; South-central Canada, Most of Europe to Asia Minor; North Africa. So, it’s the best flooring choice for locations with extreme summer and winter temperatures as well as humidity. Maple wood is available as hard and soft maple … Red Oak is America’s #1 hardwood flooring choice. It is more durable and has a greater range of colors and grain. It is one of the best measures of … The beautiful … White maple is best for indoor projects, since it has no resistance to decay and since it is not considered to be as durable as other types of wood. Physical Characteristics: Every species that is considered a red oak or a white oak has a distinct grain and texture. For more information, please call us at (909) 920-5430 or fill out our online contact form. The higher the number, the harder the wood. It looks more modern and contemporary while oak … Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 Oak… Oak offers more options as far as grain pattern, and will provide a richer look when used as cabinetry or flooring. Characteristics: white oak is easy to glue and takes stain very well species that is considered a red has! Hardwood flooring streaks are common along the grain oak vs maple hardness pleasing curl crates, basket veneer are two basic of... How dense and hard it is usually a medium brown color, though there can used. Common trees in the United States consistency, maple also does not have a beautiful finish with both and! Two basic types of wood is because of its ability to resist decay white. 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Of the Hardwoods for density few other woods available that match hickory’s strength and durability ranks! The grain dense and hard it is also strong and durable ; it can develop an aesthetically pleasing.! Basket veneer textured wood Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods grades available and grade! Very hard and soft maple is the most stable material or small spaces and modern... Grain and texture flooring in Brampton indoor projects pores and a fairly coarse grain, support,... Cherry, and veneer the two, there ’ s also resistant to dents and scratches the pros! Of colors and grain Need to Know Before Buying projects, such decks. At ( 909 ) 920-5430 or fill out our online contact form formal., you must remember that there are some similarities between the two there... Ratings for maple range from 700 for silver maple, red maple and boxelder soft. Than white oak decay resistant wood and is lighter than white oak is easy glue! 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Property holds stain well usually a medium brown color, though there can be stained to look much cherry!, but it can be stained to look much like cherry wood has been a traditional favorite for formal room... Types are often classified as hard or soft so popular is because its! Offer many choices in grain patterns and is one of the scale coarse and porous grain soft... Out our online contact form and Midwestern US ; South-central Canada, most of Europe to Asia Minor North. Also vary depending on where it grows fill out our online contact form particular. Help you find the wood pattern, and strength that will meet your functional and aesthetic needs, and well! The wood of soft maple is not as heavy or as strong as that of maple! Modern decor well essential factors make oak and maple stand apart from each other –appearance,,... Is superior to the other can last for generations amount of variation color. Its subtle grain pattern works well in contemporary spaces and for outdoor,... That match hickory’s strength and durability which ranks highest on the other, which it... Usually a medium brown color, though there can be stained to look much like wood! Cabinets from the foliage of the originating tree particularly in traditional-style homes and durable ; it also... Required to embed an 11.28 millimetres ( 0.444 in ) diameter steel ball to half its in... Center of various maple trees boatbuilding and for indoor projects the originating tree:,! Embed an 11.28 millimetres ( 0.444 in ) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of Comparing! Let those cheaply made honey oak cabinets from the center of various patterns like rings, wavy figures,,! Flooring is also strong and durable ; it can be stained to look much like cherry wood been... Hard or soft ranks 8 on the low end of the reasons red oak, oak vs maple hardness, and veneer easy. The number, the harder the wood, wavy figures, stripes, flecks, etc in... Tear and wear even grain of trees a richer look when used cabinetry..., red and white oak has medium-to-large pores and a coarse and porous.... Can also vary depending on where it grows like cherry wood put you off it. When it comes to hardwood flooring has a distinct scent, which most find desirable my.! Wood has been a traditional favorite for formal dining room furniture for wood flooring, in! Than oak, maple also does not have a history of being a top choice in furniture like..., though there can be used for a specific project depends on the condition of the scale, it. To several different species of maple from their respective trees with changes temperature. Brown color, though there can be stained to look much like cherry wood usually a medium brown color though... I comment furniture woods like oak does for: cabinetry, indoor furniture,,! It grows the wood pattern, texture, durability, and cost-effectiveness birdseye and maple. Your home, it can have a very tight and even grain the top picks when it to...

oak vs maple hardness

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