Biruni left his hometown at a young age and he wandered around Persia and Uzbekistan. Al-Bīrūnī, in full Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī, (born Sept. 4, 973 ce, Khwārezm, Khorāsān [now in Uzbekistan]—died c. 1052, Ghazna [now Ghaznī, Afg. Biruni’s contributions to physics include work on springs and accurate determination of the specific weight of eighteen elements and compounds including many metals and precious stones. The word Biruni means "from the outer-district" in Persian, and so this became his nisba: "al-Bīrūnī" = "the Birunian". Biruni is most commonly known through his close association with Mahmood Ghaznavi, a famous Muslim king who also ruled India, and his son Sultan Masood. A Dallal, Biruni's 'Book of pearls concerning the projection of spheres', A E-A Hatipov and A Pulatov, Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah. J L Berggren, The origins of al-Biruni's 'method of the Zijes' in the theory of sundials. A R Amir-MoÃ©z, and J C Aghayani, al-Biruni, al-Tusi, and Newton. Sezgin, who died in 2018, concluded that the quality of those debates is rare and probably does not exist even today. Essai Bibliographique, P G Bulgakov, The life and works of al-Biruni, P G Bulgakov and A A Ahmedov, al-Biruni and al-Kindi on the theory of parallels. D J Boilot, L'oeuvre d'al-Beruni. Born in Kath, Khwarezm in Western Central Asia, he lived between 973 and 1048. Al-Biruni is one of the most important Muslim authorities on the history of religion. Ibn Sina went further still, and said that heat does not propagate by itself, but that the rays of the sun carry them along — like a man sitting still in a moving boat. U Cassina, Sulle equazioni cubiche di Al Biruni. Islamic scholar al-Biruni, who enlightened the scientific world with his pioneer discoveries and inventions, is an important Turkish-Islamic figure, whose precious works take place in fields such as astronomy, pharmacology, mathematics, physics, medicine, geography, history, and … Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. S M Ahmad, al-Biruni as a synthesizer and transmitter of scientific knowledge. He was neither Arab or from Pakistan but he was a Persian scientist. Another aspect they debated was the propagation of heat rays of the sun. D R Hill, Al-Biruni's mechanical calendar. M S Khan, A select bibliography of Soviet publications on Al-Biruni, M S Khan, An examination of al-Biruni's knowledge of Indian astronomy, in. Biography of Al-Biruni (973-1039A.D), Arab Historical Geographer ! Albiruni's India: Part I Alberuni (c. 972-1048) was a Persian scholar from the Khwarezm region and spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. He also discovered several ways of finding north and south, and discovered mathematical techniques to determine exactly the beginnings of the seasons. Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Central Asian polymath al-Biruni and his eleventh-century book the India.Born in around 973 in the central Asian region of Chorasmia, al-Biruni … His book "Kitab-al-Jamahir" discusses the properties of various precious stones. U Cassina, La trisezione dell'angolo in Al Biruni. Al-Biruni, A Great Muslim Scientist, Philosopher and Historian 171 that the noon of Sindh is the sunrise of Spain while their (Spaniards) noon is the sunset of Sind”.21 Al-Biruni’s most important and neglected work is Qanun al- Masudi, originally written in Arabic and later translated into Persian. M S Asimov, al-Biruni's astronomical treatise in the Dari language, M N Atagarryev, Application of stereographic projection to determination of the Qibla azimuth : al-Biruni, al-Chagmini and al-Turkumani, R B Baratov, Biruni - great scientist of the Orient. Written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, If you have comments, or spot errors, we are always pleased to, Kath, Khwarazm (now Kara-Kalpakskaya, Uzbekistan), http://www.britannica.com/biography/al-Biruni. It was Abu Reyhan Al-Biruni, the 10th century Islamic mathematical genius, who combined trigonometry and algebra to achieve this very numerical feat. In light of his scholarly work, he was called the founder of geodesy. Back to the earth's radius- just how did he measure it? He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… In fact, the word “Biruni” means “from an outer district”, in Persian, and so he was known as “the Birunian”, with the Latinised name “Alberonius” [4,9]. A R Amir-MoÃ©z, Khayyam, al-Biruni, Gauss, Archimedes, and quartic equations. He also described the Milky Way as a collection of countless fragments of nebulous stars. Al-Biruni was born near Kath and the town were he was born is today called Biruni after the great scholar. … His birthplace was the city of Kath (modern day Khiva) situated on the River Oxus in what was then the Principality of Khwarizm and is now Uzbekistan. Of course, as we now-a-days publish our work in English, during that era it was common to publish in Arabic. Khwarezm was the country of the Khwarezmian civilization and of several kingdoms. In return, he taught them Greek and Muslim sciences and philosophy. From the scientific literature of the Babylonians to those of the Romans, to ancient Indian texts on astrology, Biruni learnt from it all. Interestingly that people from Pakistan are trying to say that Biruni was from Pakistan. History Topics: Arabic mathematics : forgotten brilliance? O Sheynin, al-Biruni and the mathematical treatment of observations, T Usmonov, The role of history in the flowering of al-Biruni's physics, S Vahabov, Two mathematical models of al-Biruni, S A Vahabov, A new treatise of al-Biruni on astrolabes, S A Vakhabov, Projective transformations in al-Biruni's treatise on astrolabes, A I Volodarskii, Indian mathematics and al-Biruni, F Z Zikrillaev, Questions of physics in al-Biruni's book 'Monuments of past generations'. F I Haddad, D Pingree and E S Kennedy, al-Biruni's treatise on astrological lots. Al-Biruni, the nocturnal North-eastern quadrant, consisting of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd houses, prevails in your chart: this sector favours self-assertion and material security to the detriment of your perception of others. When Sultan Masood sent him three camel-loads of silver coins in appreciation of his encyclopedic work "Al-Qanoon al-Masoodi," (The Mas'udi Canon), Al-Biruni politely returned the royal gift saying, "I serve knowledge for the sake of knowledge and not for money.". Here is a part of what he Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was born in Khwarazm, a region adjoining the Aral Sea now known as Karakalpakstan. Al-Biruni was really a great Muslim scholar and as a famed of Central Asia, Pakistan, and India (Ibrahim, 1976: iii). Biruni saw light and heat as immaterial, and opined that the heat exists within the rays. Figure 2 – Equatorial and horizontal coordinates. B A Rosenfel'd and L G Utseha, Some mathematical discoveries in al-Biruni's 'Shadows'. He elaborated on the principle of position and also discussed the Indian numerals. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels. V B Mainkar, Metrology in al-Biruni's 'India', G P Matvievskaja, The mathematical and astronomical legacy of al-Biruni, and the history of its study, K Munirov, On a Tashkent manuscript copy of al-Biruni's 'Astrology'. Biruni's scholarly legacy has inspired scientists and mathematicians for several centuries, and his name continues to command respect even today. By the time he came of age, he was also introduced to concepts developed by scholars from different civilisations and centuries. Since he spent the first twenty-five years of life in studies like logic, Islamic laws, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy – the study of stars and planets. Biruni observed the solar eclipse of April 8, 1019, and the lunar eclipse of September 17, 1019. Al-Biruni (also Al Beruni, full name being Abu Raihan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad, 973-1049 CE), was a celebrated mathematician and astronomer who visited India in the wake of the invading forces of Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11 th century. Parts of it now belong to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. He was born in the outer district of Kath, the capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm (now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) (or Chorasmia). He was from Khwarazm – a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan. As previously told, al-Biruni was born in Kath, a district of Khwarezm. Al-Bīrūnī lived during a period of unusual political turmoil in the eastern Islamic world. Through the eyes of Al-Biruni More than a thousand years ago, a traveller came to India. Impressed by his scholarship and fame, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi took Biruni along with him on his journeys to India several times.
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